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GBAD - The return of 'FOBS'

Thinking about extending the permanent air defence umbrella over civilian airfields....

This is a 2020 article, pre-Ukraine

The discussion was less about technology than authorization and control. I wonder how the Canadian system looks.

Beyond finding the right solutions, there are issues of responsibility and authority that are in the early stages of being solved. FAA controls the airspace, but airports are privately-owned enterprises; whose responsibility is it to purchase and operate counter-UAS systems — and who has the authority to act on an identified threat?

“As airports, we have very limited capability. We don’t have the legal authority to mitigate or take down a drone. That’s limited to four different federal agencies,” Barkowksi said, referring to DHS, DOE, DOJ and DOD, which have been granted by Congress the authority to take mitigative action toward threatening drones.

Couldn't that conflict be resolved by sector control by DHS or DOD with a small team (section size) at each sector?
And a newer short range SAM

Up to four 6.1 m (20 ft)-long SkyKnight missile launcher units (MLU) with 60 rounds each can be controlled in a Skynex battery.

4x 20ft seacans with a total of 240 ready to launch missiles in conjunction with 3 or 4 Skyranger guns and a couple of lasers.

US and Saudis playing with UAS.

US, Saudi Arabia conduct ‘biggest, most complex’ live fire CENTCOM c-UAS exercise

"Our objective during this live fire exercise was to shoot down UAS from dawn to dusk," Col. Robert McVey told Breaking Defense.​

By JASPREET GILLon September 14, 2023 at 2:37 PM

red sands cuas

The Red Sands exercise had a special focus on unmanned and counter-unmanned systems. (US Army)
WASHINGTON — The US and Saudi Arabia just wrapped up the second iteration of a counter-unmanned aerial system (c-UAS) exercise showcasing how different emerging and already-fielded technologies from both nations could defeat threats posed by adversaries.
“Our objective during this live fire exercise was to shoot down UAS from dawn to dusk,” Col. Robert McVey, director of the Red Sands Integrated Experimentation Center, told Breaking Defense today. McVey called the exercise, officially Red Sands Live Fire Exercise 23.2, the “biggest, most complex counter-UAS live fire exercise” conducted in the region.
“And when I’m talking about being more complex, that complexity comes from the greatly increased scale of the number of participants, the number and type of counter UAS systems employed, the number and type of UAS targets engaged and then the much more challenging enemy US tactics, techniques and procedures-based scenarios that we were able to employ during this exercise,” he said.

Three goals were outlined for the exercise, which was conducted Sept. 8-12 at the Shamal-2 Range in Saudi Arabia: strengthening military relations between the US and Saudi Arabia, experimenting with cutting-edge technologies, and developing procedures to defeat UAS threats while increasing the combat readiness of the two nations against emerging UAS threats, McVey said.
The effort involved c-UAS systems from Royal Saudi Air Defense partners, Army Combat Capabilities Development Command and Army Central’s innovation-focused Task Force 39, which also brought over what McVey dubbed “two other great capabilities.”

During the first exercise, Red Sands 23.1 which was conducted back in March, Task Force 39 demonstrated a smartphone application called CARPE Dronvm, an app “that uses crowd-sourced information to detect unmanned aerial systems,” according to the Army. CARPE Dronvm was used during this month’s exercise by senior US and Saudi military and civilian leaders against live UAS targets, McVey said.
“And then the second kind of emerging technology that US Army Central’s Task Force 39 demonstrated during the [exercise] was…after our counter UAS systems engaged the targets, our Task Force 39 team was able to demonstrate the autonomous transport vehicle system,” McVey said. “And this system was used to conduct…ammunition resupply of our ground-based counter UAS systems.

“So it’s an autonomous vehicle that we look forward to continuing to employ in our series of Red Sands live fire exercises, as well as US Army Central looks to employ the autonomous transport vehicle system operationally throughout the CENTCOM area of responsibility,” he continued.
McVey added that for the past 16 months, the US has been working closely with its Saudi partners to develop “air-to-air c-UAS tactics, techniques and procedures.” In one scenario during the exercise, the TTPs involved the use of a Royal Saudi Air Force F-15 and US Army Central AH-64 Apache attack helicopters to defeat UASs.
“So, you can imagine the complexity of doing that in the air and then being commanded and controlled on the ground by the US Air Force Central Joint Terminal Attack Controller standing side by side with a royal Saudi Air Force JTAC to command and control those US and Saudi aircraft — both fixed wing and rotary wing — engaging UAS on the range,” he said.
In a press release today, Gen. Michael Kurilla, commander of CENTCOM, said that “the UAS threat is real, and the Red Sands Integrated Experimentation Center represents a significant step, not only in defeating UAS threats, but in demonstrating a shared commitment to regional security by both Saudi and U.S. forces.”

McVey said the next exercise is currently being planned for the spring and other regional partners could be involved in the future.
“As we work closely with our Saudi partners at the Red Sands Integrated Experimentation Center, this not only demonstrates a shared commitment to regional security, but it also allows us to move more quickly, innovate and innovate more effective material or non material solutions to the emerging global UAS threat.”

Live fire version of this?


BAE Systems Hägglunds’ BvS 10 outfitted with some hard kill mounted defenses.

More options for GBAD all the time...

I wonder when we'll actually get in the game?

Grant Shapps, the Defence Secretary, said the Common Anti-Air Modular Missiles – Extended Range (CAMM-ER) would bolster Europe’s defences against its “adversaries” amid the war in Ukraine.

The British-designed missiles, produced by MBDA, have a range of 40km (25 miles) and can travel at supersonic speeds to strike modern threats such as stealth aircraft and cruise missiles.

The deal with Polish defence firm PGZ is the largest commercial agreement between the UK and Poland, building on a joint defence treaty between the two nations.

It will lead to the delivery of more than 1,000 CAMM-ER rockets and over 100 iLaunchers to be used as part of Poland’s Narew ground-based air defence system.


The iLauncher -- the complete unit? or just the "POD" on the back?

New addition to the wishlist.

50 kW laser can shoot down Class I, II, and III drones at ranges > 5 km. This means small, medium and large UAS flying at altitudes of up to 30,000 ft. It can perform a C-RAM role against rockets, artillery and mortars. The on-board battery has a 120 seconds of energy and is fully re-chargeable. The cost per engagement is in effect zero and there is no ammunition that needs to be stored or brought forward.


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Drones with Air to Air Missiles.



Iran unveils drones armed with air-to-air missiles​

Iran has reinforced its air defence capabilities by adding combat drones equipped with air-to-air missiles to its arsenal, state media reported on Sunday.
“Dozens of Karrar drones armed with air-to-air missiles have been added for air defence in all border areas of the country,” the official IRNA news agency said, reported by AFP.
The drones, with an operational range of up to 1,000 kilometres (620 miles), were exhibited Sunday morning during a televised ceremony organised at a military academy in Tehran.
“The enemies will now have to rethink their strategies” because the Iranian forces have “become more powerful”, IRNA quoted the commander-in-chief of Iran’s army, General Abdolrahim Mousavi, as saying.
The development of Iran’s military arsenal has sparked concern among many countries, particularly the United States and Israel, the sworn enemies of the Islamic republic.
The latter accuse Tehran of providing fleets of drones to its allies in the Middle East, notably to Lebanese Shiite group Hezbollah, and to the Huthi rebels in Yemen.
Iran also backs the Palestinian militant group Hamas.

The pilot shortage improves.